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blog:reading-robert-k-merton-priorities-part-2 [2017/03/07 08:46]
127.0.0.1 external edit
blog:reading-robert-k-merton-priorities-part-2 [2019/06/04 09:44]
seanburns
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 Merton. Merton.
  
-**Note:** Picking up on p. 312, section "​Plagiary:​ fact and +**Note:** Picking up on p. 312, section "​Plagiary:​ fact and slander.
-slander.+
  
 **Note:** The problem, writes Merton, is not rampant steeling, but rampant accusations of stealing. **Note:** The problem, writes Merton, is not rampant steeling, but rampant accusations of stealing.
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 > It was not because Newton was so weak but because the institutionalized values were so strong that he was driven to such lengths (p. 315). > It was not because Newton was so weak but because the institutionalized values were so strong that he was driven to such lengths (p. 315).
  
-**Reflection:​** I think I can buy that interpretation,​ but at the same moment, +**Reflection:​** I think I can buy that interpretation,​ but at the same moment, I have to ask: how is it that people are prone to institutionalizing any kind of values, whether those values are from the institution of science or some other? I think I'm interested in how psychology would address that question and not just sociology?
-I have to ask: how is it that people are prone to institutionalizing any kind +
-of values, whether those values are from the institution of science or some +
-other? I think I'm interested in how psychology would address that question and +
-not just sociology?+
  
 **Note:** Actions take in order to establish priority: **Note:** Actions take in order to establish priority:
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 And list goes on. And list goes on.
  
-**Note:** The importance of //​deviance//​ in Merton'​s thought. Just +**Note:** The importance of //​deviance//​ in Merton'​s thought. Just keep that in mind, even though I don't think I've been noting it as much as I should have in these notes. This is because, for Merton, what highlights the norms are the deviations from the norms. ​
-keep that in mind, even though I don't think I've been noting it +
-as much as I should have in these notes. This is because, for +
-Merton, what highlights the norms are the deviations from the +
-norms. ​+
  
 **Note:** Is this still true today? **Note:** Is this still true today?
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 > To this point [...] we have examined types of deviant responses to the institutional emphasis on priority that are //active// responses: the fabrication of "​data,"​ aggressive self-assertion,​ the denouncing of rivals, plagiary, and charges of plagiary. Other scientists have responded to the same pressures //​passively//​or at least by internalizing their aggressions and directing them against themselves (p. 317). > To this point [...] we have examined types of deviant responses to the institutional emphasis on priority that are //active// responses: the fabrication of "​data,"​ aggressive self-assertion,​ the denouncing of rivals, plagiary, and charges of plagiary. Other scientists have responded to the same pressures //​passively//​or at least by internalizing their aggressions and directing them against themselves (p. 317).
  
-The point I was to make by highlight the above quote is that these +The point I was to make by highlight the above quote is that these deviations (fabrication,​ self-assertion,​ etc.), for Merton, highlight the institutional importance of priority and originality.
-deviations (fabrication,​ self-assertion,​ etc.), for Merton, +
-highlight the institutional importance of priority and +
-originality.+
  
 **Note:** Some really interesting words on passive responses follows that above quote--especially the notion of rejection of the institution and self-isolation or exile. **Note:** Some really interesting words on passive responses follows that above quote--especially the notion of rejection of the institution and self-isolation or exile.
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 > But even though the pressures are severe, they need not produce much deviant behavior. There are great differences between the social structure of science and other social structures in which deviance is frequent. Among other things, the institution of science continues to have an abiding emphasis on other values that curb the culturally induced tendency toward deviation, an emphasis on the value of truth by whomsoever it is found, and commitment to the disinterested pursuit of truth. Simply because we have focused on the deviant behavior of scientists, we should not forget how relatively rare this is. Only a few try to gain reputation by means that will lose them repute (p. 321). > But even though the pressures are severe, they need not produce much deviant behavior. There are great differences between the social structure of science and other social structures in which deviance is frequent. Among other things, the institution of science continues to have an abiding emphasis on other values that curb the culturally induced tendency toward deviation, an emphasis on the value of truth by whomsoever it is found, and commitment to the disinterested pursuit of truth. Simply because we have focused on the deviant behavior of scientists, we should not forget how relatively rare this is. Only a few try to gain reputation by means that will lose them repute (p. 321).
  
-And then a nice conclusion to the chapter, which I'll leave out +And then a nice conclusion to the chapter, which I'll leave out here. But it's a nice description of the institution of science.
-here. But it's a nice description of the institution of science. +
- +
-  * categories:​ +
-      * lit review +
-      * peer review +
-      * peerj +
-      * research +
-      * merton+
  
blog/reading-robert-k-merton-priorities-part-2.txt · Last modified: 2019/06/04 09:44 by seanburns