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teaching:constant-disruption [2019/01/25 15:40] (current)
seanburns created
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 +<​markdown>​
 +# Constant Disruption
 +## Date: Wed 23 Jan 2019 
  
 +The first listed reading we have this week is by Marshall Breeding.
 +Astute observers will note that Breeding is one of the first people
 +cited in the two additional readings we have this week. We'll read more
 +from Breeding later in the semester, but I bring him up now because he
 +also oversees a website titled [Library Technology Guides][1] at
 +librarytechnology.org. If you would like to keep abreast of the recent
 +news on the electronic resource industry, Breeding'​s website should be
 +at the top of your list.
 +
 +Breeding'​s *What is ERM?* article is a good one to start off with this
 +week. He provides not only a nice outline of the various components of
 +electronic resources, but he also provides some historical context for
 +those components. One caveat: Breeding, as well as the other two
 +articles on our list this week, is focused on academic libraries. I'm
 +afraid that there isn't much literature (that I have seen, at least)
 +that provides the same kind of information from other library types. I
 +think this is because librarians in other libraries publish less often
 +than academic librarians, who are often required to publish to acquire
 +tenure, and when they do publish, they generally publish on other
 +topics. However, the same processes that our articles describe generally
 +hold for other types of libraries. Differences in processes and in some
 +details will arise, though, because of organizational or other
 +contextual issues. For example, public libraries are often tightly
 +connected to municipalities or county governments,​ as well as to their
 +state libraries. Not only does that raises organizational challenges,
 +but it also highlights the fact that municipal, county, or state laws
 +will define how some processes must be handled and who must handle them.
 +The same is true for public schools, and in such cases, school boards
 +and school districts will likely be involved. Other issues may impact
 +things a bit too. As some of you have noted, public libraries provide
 +more ebooks and audiobooks and less ejournals than academic libraries.
 +That will change the emphasis on some aspects of the ERM work flow.
 +
 +That said, I understand that some of the terms he uses and the
 +technologies he describes might still be foreign to some of you. I'm not
 +going to rehash or summarize these articles here -- we'll simply discuss
 +them on the boards, but I do want to spend some time providing some
 +additional background information -- and highlight some of the things to
 +look for in these three articles.
 +
 +As I've previously mentioned, librarians have been migrating to some
 +kind of electronic management since the 1970s. Breeding mentions this,
 +too. It actually started well before this -- in fact, I published a
 +paper a few years ago that provides a historical account of the first
 +library automation project, which took place in the 1930s with punched
 +cards. However, around the 1960s, the primary use of computers was to
 +manage circulation,​ and then patron records. In the early 1970s, tools
 +became available to manage and search bibliographic records. That is,
 +computers were first used mostly to manage circulation of books, then to
 +add patron records, which allowed patrons to check out works
 +electronically,​ and finally to search for works. If a work of interest
 +was located using these tools, then that work could be retrieved from
 +the shelves or ordered via interlibrary loan by snail mail. Full text,
 +by and large, came much later and is largely the result of the
 +introduction of the web in the early 1990s, which at its heart is
 +nothing more than a big document retrieval system, as well as with the
 +introduction of bigger storage devices, such as CD-ROMs.
 +
 +In the process of migrating from print to electronic, all sorts of
 +things had to change, but they all rest on the major premise of all
 +librarianship -- *that we organize information in order to retrieve
 +information*. Although you may have often heard that libraries are
 +ancient things, libraries and librarianship didn't truly modernize until
 +the 1920s and 1930s when some in the profession began to hone in on the
 +major complexities and challenges involved in organizing and retrieving
 +information. The challenges with organizing and retrieving information
 +that they identified nearly 100 years ago were indeed major and
 +problematic,​ but fortuitous, because it gave rise to what we know
 +called *library science*.
 +
 +Yet consider that when those people laid the groundwork for a library
 +science, librarians only managed print and the primary means of
 +accessing print collections was through a physical building. With the
 +introduction of the computers in the 1960s and with networking
 +technologies in the 1990s, issues with organizing and retrieving
 +information grew exponentially,​ and indeed, this exponential increase in
 +complex issues launched an entire new field, what we now call
 +*information science*.
 +
 +All right -- back to the ground level. Let me highlight some of the key
 +terms in Breeding'​s article. They include:
 +
 +* Finding aids
 +* Knowledge bases
 +* OpenURL link resolvers
 +* ERM systems
 +* Library service platforms
 +* Integrated library systems (ILS)
 +
 +Unless you already have some solid experience with these things, and
 +even after reading Breeding'​s nice article, these terms may still be
 +abstract for you all. So, this week, you have two major tasks:
 +
 +1. Find real, practical examples. Pick one or two of the above terms and
 +   see how they work in practice. Then come back here and tell us what
 +   you found.
 +2. Locate how these terms appear in either the Cote & Ostergaard (2017)
 +   ​article or the Fu & Carmen (2015). Note other terms that may appear
 +   in those two articles and comment on the role they play in the ERM
 +   work flow and the migration process.
 +
 +As you work on this, I ask that you pay attention to the emphasis on
 +work flow. We're reading the Cote & Ostergaard article and the Fu &
 +Carmen article not just because migrating to new systems is a big deal,
 +but also because it's significant that there'​s a need to write and
 +publish articles on migration topics. In the print era, there were some
 +cases where librarians might migrate to a new system. For example, some
 +research libraries in the U.S. started off by classifying their works
 +using the Dewey Decimal Classification system, but then began to convert
 +to the Library of Congress Classification system. This was no small
 +task, but it was also not that common. Today, migration is big business,
 +so to speak, in the library world because the technology changes so fast
 +and because there are a number of competing electronic resource
 +management products that librarians have to choose from, and do when
 +those products provide advantages to their users, communities,​ and
 +themselves.
 +
 +[1]:​https://​librarytechnology.org/​
 +</​markdown>​
teaching/constant-disruption.txt ยท Last modified: 2019/01/25 15:40 by seanburns