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teaching:evaluating-and-managing-information [2019/01/25 15:50] (current)
seanburns created
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 +<​markdown>​
 +# Evaluating and Managing Search and Retrieval
  
 +Hi Class, welcome to the week where we begin to discuss how to evaluate and
 +manage search and retrieval.
 +
 +## Readings
 +
 +This week we have one reading: Chapters 11 and 12 from our book by Cheryl Knott. ​
 +
 +In addition to this lecture, I'll post a short demonstration video about how to
 +apply some of what we've learned here.
 +
 +## Introduction
 +
 +As we wrap up Module 1, let's quickly review the main topics we've covered:
 +
 +- database terminology
 +- multiple available databases and types of databases
 +  - paywalled databases
 +    - academic search complete (EBSCOhost)
 +    - ProQuest
 +  - free to use databases
 +    - Google Scholar, etc.
 +- e-journal titles, searching
 +- strategic information seeking
 +- systematic browsing
 +- browsing strategies
 +  - subject browsing
 +  - controlled vocabulary
 +  - author browsing
 +  - citation browsing
 +  - combination browsing
 +  - Boolean logic
 +
 +In our final week for Module 1, we're going to quickly follow up on how to 
 +review how to evaluate and manage search results via individual databases. ​
 +We'll go a littler further than what we did in an earlier forum, where we 
 +looked at creating lists in databases and such, and I'll refer to two databases ​
 +as examples, but these tools are available on many databases. So, if you find 
 +that you use one of these databases a lot, like one of the databases that 
 +you've highlighted and have written about already, then create an account and 
 +take advantage of what they have or it has to offer.
 +
 +## Review data about each source
 +
 +Let's say I'm interested in articles about the Lincoln and Douglas debates or
 +about the Lincoln and Douglas style of debating, and I do a search for that
 +term: 
 +
 +<​code>​lincoln douglas debate</​code>​
 +
 +When I retrieve results, not all of the results will be relevant. To identify
 +potential relevant results, without reading all of the original documents,
 +which would be a waste of time, I can use the information on the results page
 +to help decide what may be useful. Things I want to look at, as we've already
 +discussed in previous weeks, include:
 +
 +- the title: titles often contain important information that signify what a
 +  paper or document is about, and so I want to read the title
 +- page length: is the page length reported? Is it long? Is it too short? ​
 +- recency: we have to be careful with recency. All research depends on the
 +  research before it. Some of today'​s research explicitly builds on previous
 +  work. In those cases, the previous research is useful, even if it's a bit
 +  outdated. But in other cases, research refutes previous research---shows that
 +  it was wrong. In those cases, we might just want to select the most recent.
 +- the abstract: The abstract is designed to summarize information about an
 +  original source and is incredibly useful because it saves us time. There are
 +  different kinds of abstracts, but the most helpful are ones that not only
 +  tell us what a piece is about, but also tell us something about the methods,
 +  findings, and conclusions.
 +- the descriptors/​subject terms/​thesauri:​ We've already reviewed these. Again,
 +  not only are they helpful in query formation, but they should also signal to
 +  us what a piece is about, and are thus useful in selecting works to save.
 +
 +## Create accounts to manage sources
 +
 +Most major database platforms provide a way to create an account. This is super
 +helpful if we want to use these platforms for managing search results. In the 
 +next module, we'll begin looking at other products that help us to this, 
 +products that are database neutral, but we may still want to use what the 
 +database platform has to offer for some tasks.
 +
 +In this slide, I'm in EBSCOHost'​s *Academic Search Complete*. I've already
 +created an account and have clicked on the Folder link/icon at the top right of
 +the page. Here, on the left, you can see a list of the default folders.
 +
 +## Database folders
 +
 +Let's go back to my search results. After reviewing the title, subject terms,
 +abstract, and so forth for this first item in my results, I've decided that I
 +want to save and read it later because I think it'll be useful for the paper
 +I'm writing. To save it, I click on the folder icon just to the right of the
 +title, and then click on the My Folder icon to save it there. You can see there
 +there'​s a second item on this list that's titled *Wikipedia articles*. This is
 +a folder that I've already created and where I've saved articles that are on
 +that topic.
 +
 +## Add and review
 +
 +And that's it. Once I've saved it to my folder, I visit that folder to see what
 +I've saved, and then go back to my search results and continue adding and
 +reviewing. If I create multiple folders, I can copy or move these bibliographic
 +records to new ones. I keep iterating through this process until I've decided
 +that I'm done.
 +
 +## Export citations
 +
 +We'll cover this a bit more next week, but it's helpful to know that I can
 +export the bibliographic information as citations. Here you have a list of some
 +of the standard file formats. We'll come back to this next week, but I
 +want you to see that it's there.
 +
 +## Review previous queries
 +
 +Once I've iterated through the results based on my initial query, I can re-run
 +new queries, perhaps based on some subject terms I've found, and then revisit
 +my search history. I can review my search history, edit any queries there I've
 +found, and merge them with other queries using Boolean logic.
 +
 +## Share results
 +
 +There are a number of ways you can share the results of a search or of
 +individual records. In *EBSCOHost*,​ if you click on the Share link, you'll have
 +options to share all the results of the search, create an email alert, or
 +create an RSS feed.
 +
 +The permalink function, shown in this image, is meant to provide you with a URL
 +that will always return these results. Depending on the database, if the
 +database offers this, I've found that this can be hit or miss. That is,
 +sometimes it doesn'​t work.
 +
 +E-mail alerts are great. The system will save your search and re-run it
 +periodically. Whenever new results are found that match your query, you'll
 +receive an email about it. This is useful, especially, for projects that you
 +know about in advance. E.g., say you know at the beginning of the semester that
 +you'll have to write about *lincoln douglas debates* later on in the semester.
 +If you set up the query at the beginning of the semester, a big part of your
 +work will be done (that is, searching) by the time you have to begin reading
 +and writing the paper. In short, let computers do as much of the work for you
 +as possible. Save yourself some time.
 +
 +## Other databases
 +
 +Lots of other databases offer these and similar functionalities. In an earlier ​
 +forum, I showed how you can do similar things in *ProQuest*, *Web of Science*, ​
 +and *Google Scholar*. That is, I showed how we can save search results and 
 +create create alerts for specific queries, just like *EBSCOHost* does. 
 +
 +If you have a big project, it might be useful to create alerts across a few
 +databases. That way you'll have your bases covered.
 +
 +## Conclusion
 +
 +In conclusion:
 +
 +- Review all article/​source information when looking at search results
 +- Manage search results within databases. Many databases help with this.
 +- Next week we'll begin reviewing bibliographic reference software.
 +
 +Stay tuned for an additional video to show some of this in action.
 +</​markdown>​
teaching/evaluating-and-managing-information.txt ยท Last modified: 2019/01/25 15:50 by seanburns