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-<markdown> 
-# The ERM Librarian 
-## Date: Wed 09 Jan 2019  
  
-This semester we're learning about electronic resources and a bit about 
-how to manage them. We can begin first by outlining the kinds of things 
-that are electronic resources. [Karin Wikoff][1] (2011) outlines the 
-major categories, and these include: 
- 
-- databases 
-    - A&I databases (abstracting and indexing) / bibliographic databases 
-    - full text databases 
-    - journal collections, such as Project Muse or JSTOR 
-    - specialized and hybrid databases, such as chemical databases, 
-      genetic databases, stock and business databases 
-    - primary source databases, such as original newspaper databases, 
-      oral histories, and like 
-- e-journals 
-    - open access or proprietary, and all the issues associated with 
-      these types 
-- e-books 
-    - one note about e-books -- here the technology is rather complex 
-      and differentiated dependinig on the copyright status, the 
-      filetype (PDF, ePUB, TXT, etc.), the purpose or genre (textbook, 
-      fiction or non-fiction, etc.). In many cases, e-books may be 
-      considered applications and not just plain or marked up text, and 
-      they also vary by platform or the application used to interact 
-      with the text, which may offer different types of functionality. 
-- linking technologies, e.g., where metadata is embedded in a URL and 
-  sent across networks, these include: 
-    - Z39.50 
-    - OpenURL 
-    - Federated search 
- 
-The promise of linking technologies is that a user would be able to 
-start off in one system, such as an OPAC, and expand a query to other 
-systems without going out and initiating searches in those other 
-systems. For example, a user may start off at WorldCat.org and find a 
-book that's available at a nearby library. The user would only need to 
-click on the local library link and be transferred to that library's 
-OPAC. 
- 
-As you can from the above list, electronic resources are now a major 
-part of any library, whether academic, public, school, or special. And 
-the need to manage them and incorporate them into a library work flow is 
-of utter importance. This will be much of what we'll discuss and learn 
-about this semester. And it will be complicated. The print only era of 
-libraries was difficult enough for many reasons, but electronic 
-resources have raised the ante. Just think, civilizations have had 500 
-years to work out print technology, yet we've had only about four or so 
-decades to figure out digital technology. We're a long way off from 
-settling on anything stable and still face quite a few challenges and 
-frustrations.  
- 
-## Our Readings -- the nature of ERM librarianship 
- 
-Our readings this week function as nice introductions to the role of the 
-electronic resource librarian and really set the stage and framework for 
-this entire course. The first article by Stachokas surveys part of the 
-history of this specialist librarian role and then reports on a recent 
-study of what the electronic resource librarian does today and where she 
-or he is likely to be found. We'll talk about this in our discussion 
-forum. 
- 
-In the second article, Hulseberg uses the field of technical 
-communication (TC) to interpret the field of electronic resource 
-librarianship. That is, Hulseberg takes the view that an electronic 
-resource librarian is, perhaps among other things, a technical 
-communicator. This is much different than being someone who simply helps 
-patrons with their technical problems. Rather, this is someone who does 
-advanced work in documenting and reporting technical processes.  
- 
-Hulseberg highlights four important themes about ERM: one of the most 
-attractive to me is *Theme Two: Collaborating in a "web of 
-relationships."* When I was an undergraduate, I imagined the kind of job 
-that I would like would be one that would involve connecting people 
-coming from different silos to each other and helping them communicate, 
-which is often harder than it sounds. It turns out electronic resource 
-librarianship is about this kind of work. However, the other themes are 
-just as important, and in particular, theme four, about jurisdiction, 
-highlights one of the most disruptive acts on librarianship in the last 
-thirty or forty years. Consider, for example, that most people, 
-researchers and scholars included, use non-library provided resources to 
-locate information. Additionally, more work, scholarly and non, has 
-become more freely available to the public as open access or like. 
-Jointly, this means, perhaps, that the library, academic, public, and 
-more, is hypothetically becoming disintermediated as a result of people 
-using sites like Google Scholar to retrieve works freely available on 
-the web. As a result, what becomes of the core jurisdiction of the 
-librarian? And of the electronic resource librarian, in particular? To 
-put this in concrete terms: a [recent paper][2] reported that 
-researchers in their survey stated they use Google Scholar 83% of the 
-time and EBSCOhost 29% of the time to find relevant material. That 
-raises questions, strategic and technical ones, about the role of the 
-librarian and library. 
- 
-The third article, by Zhu, places an entirely different theoretical lens 
-on what it means to be an electronic resource librarian. Here Zhu posits 
-that the licensing aspect of electronic resource management has been a 
-major influence on ER librarianship identity. We will spend some time 
-this semester discussing licensing because it is a fundamental aspect of 
-the work. The reason why Zhu's findings are insightful is because of the 
-nature of electronic resources and the problems with copyright law, 
-which has been largely ineffective in dealing with digital works. 
-Copyright law, historically, has provided libraries with its most 
-important legal justification for collecting works, and while no one 
-could prove a counterfactual like this, it could be that if the internet 
-and the web had been created before the modern library, then libraries 
-might not exist at all, because such a legal justification would not 
-have existed. However, they do, of course, but the introduction of 
-digital and electronic resources has resulted in substantial 
-disruptions, organizational changes, and other issues. I'll ask you to 
-discuss the details of Zhu's article on the boards. 
- 
-Stachokas, Hulseberg, and Zhu present the historical and environmental 
-forces that have shaped these views of this work and these identities, 
-and they each discuss various important themes that function as evidence 
-of these identities. In your discussions this week, focus on these 
-themes and talk about how you make sense of it all. 
- 
-In conclusion, this semester we'll be exposed to a number of new 
-technologies that an electronic resource librarian must deal with and 
-also the implications of those technologies on the social aspects of our 
-work. These aspects include our work flows, our organizational 
-structures, our measurement activities, design and usability, security, 
-access, licensing and negotiating, and so forth. As we start to look 
-forward to look all of this, we might consider two questions: 
- 
-1. How do we manage all of this electronic stuff? Not only does it 
-   include a lot of technology and has an impact on our patrons, but it 
-   also may involve a lot of librarians. 
-2. What exactly is an electronic resource librarian? I like this basic 
-   question because, due to perhaps various representations in the media 
-   (movies, TV shows, books, etc.) and various interactions we've had 
-   with librarians in our lifetimes, we might all have pretty 
-   well-defined, whether or not accurate, images of what a reference 
-   librarian is or what a cataloging librarian is, but what about an 
-   electronic resource librarian? This is something different, right? 
-   And it's not likely to be a position that's ever really captured and 
-   presented to the public. 
- 
-Keep this these questions in mind as you read the material this week. 
- 
-See you on the boards. 
- 
-## Reference 
- 
-Wikoff, K. (2011). Electronics Resources Management in the Academic 
-Library: A Professional Guide. ABC-CLIO. 
- 
-[1]:http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/940697515 
-[2]:https://doi.org/10.1108/JD-03-2018-0047 
-</markdown> 
teaching/the-erm-librarian.1548448814.txt.gz ยท Last modified: 2019/01/25 15:40 by seanburns